The Killing Fields

“The Killing Fields” is a phrase that has come to mean mass killings and deaths by starvation that took place at the hand of the communist regime in Cambodia between 1975 and 1979. The name arose from the many deaths which took place literally in the fields of Cambodia.  Overall, at least 1.5 million people […]

The Secret Speech

“The things that were said…God knows what we’re supposed to think!” Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, delivered a dramatic speech at a closed meeting of the Twentieth Party Congress on 25th February 1956. The speech was a stunning break with Stalin and his rule. Khrushchev denounced Stalin’s purges, […]

The Cultural Revolution

The Cultural Revolution was an upsurge in pro-Communist revolutionary agitation against remnants of capitalist or bourgeois thinking in China. The revolution was started in 1966 by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party. His reasons are a matter of dispute and conjecture. Ostensibly the aim was to bring purity of ideology back to the Communist […]

Holodomor

Holodomor was a famine in Ukraine in 1932-33 in which 3.9 million people starved to death.1 The famine is widely accepted as having been enforced by Stalin. In 1928, Stalin began to introduce agricultural collectivisation policies. Farmers were forced to give up their farms to create larger ones controlled by the state. Stalin thought that […]

The Great Terror

The Great Terror was the torture, execution and/or imprisonment of more than 1.5 million people by Stalin between 1936 and 1938. It was designed to consolidate Stalin’s personal control of both the Soviet Union and the Communist Party. Nobody could be sure of being safe from arrest in the middle of the night followed by […]

The Katyn Massacre

The Katyn Massacre was the mass execution of Polish military officers and intelligentsia by the Soviet Union in 1940. Approximately 22,000 Poles were killed. The executions are collectively known as the Katyn Massacre because the first bodies to be discovered were found in mass graves in Katyn Forest near Smolensk in the west of present-day […]